Juvenile survival and development in Euseius finlandicus, Typhlodromus pyri and Kampimodromus aberrans (Acari

P Schausberger

Juvenile survival and development in Euseius finlandicus (Oudemans), Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten and Kampimodromus aberrans (Oudemans) feeding on con- and heterospecific phytoseiid immatures were investigated in the laboratory at 25 +/- 1 degrees C and 65 +/- 5% RH. More than 50% of T. pyri protonymphs preying on larvae of K. aberrans or E. finlandicus reached the adult stage. The mean developmental time of T. pyri from the protonymphal stage to adulthood was 6.3 days when feeding on K. aberrans and 7.5 days when feeding on E. finlandicus. The majority (approximately 90%) of K. aberrans protonymphs feeding on larvae of T. pyri or E. finlandicus died before reaching the deutonymphal stage; in both cases only one individual completed juvenile development. Euseius finlandicus larvae require food to reach the subsequent life stage, in contrast to larvae of T. pyri and K. aberrans, which usually do not feed at all: 10% of E. finlandicus immatures feeding on larvae of K. aberrans or T. pyri completed juvenile development (mean developmental time from larva to adult 7.0 and 6.7 days, respectively). Cannibalizing immatures of T. pyri and K. aberrans were able to reach adulthood, whereas those of E. finlandicus were not. Unfed immatures of T. pyri lived longer than the corresponding stages of E. finlandicus and K. aberrans. The present study indicates that phytoseiid immatures are suitable prey for developing stages of polyphagous phytoseiids. Since E. finlandicus, T. pyri and K. aberrans partly inhabit the same plant species, their immatures can be regarded as potential prey for competitive phytoseiids in times of food scarcity.

External organisation(s)
Fed Off & Res Ctr Agr, Inst Phytomed
Experimental & Applied Acarology
No. of pages
Publication date
Peer reviewed
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
106047 Animal ecology, 106048 Animal physiology
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