Repeatability of Aggressiveness against Con-and Heterospecific Prey in the Predatory Mite Neoseiulus californicus (Acari

Author(s)
F. Borji, H. Rahmani, P. Schausberger
Abstract

Repeatability, (the consistency with which a given trait is expressed) of aggressiveness against prey (attack latency) in gravid females of the predatory mite Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) was examined. In two experiments, prey - conspecific individuals, the onion thrips Thrips tabaci (Lindeman), and the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch- were repeatedly offered in various no-choice vs. choice situations. Throughout the first experiment, the predators were offered conspecific larvae twice, alone and then together with Te. urticae. In a second experiment, the predators were alternately offered Te. urticae and Th. tabaci within choice vs. no-choice situations. Latency to the first successful attack (resulting in death and consumption of prey) was recorded as aggressiveness. In the first experiment, Pearson's r indicated that the predators were consistent in aggressiveness against conspecific prey. Additionally, latency to attack conspecific larvae and Te. urticae were strongly correlated when the former were offered alone and the latter offered together with conspecific larvae. In the second experiment, aggressiveness against spider mites and thrips was inconsistent, non-repeatable and varied among contexts. However, Te. urticae was attacked more quickly when offered second, following the first prey Th. tabaci than when offered as the first prey. Both experiments, in concert, suggest that the level of behavioral consistency of N. californicus in aggressiveness against prey is strongly context-dependent. Further in-depth studies are needed to determine which foraging traits, (and why and under what circumstances) are more repeatable than others.

Organisation(s)
External organisation(s)
University of Zanjan, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
Journal
Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology
Volume
16
Pages
1517-1528
No. of pages
12
ISSN
1680-7073
Publication date
2014
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
106047 Animal ecology
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/repeatability-of-aggressiveness-against-conand-heterospecific-prey-in-the-predatory-mite-neoseiulus-californicus-acari(145581bd-2d53-49af-b3a8-cf01b826ea83).html