Prey-food types of Neoseiulus fallacis (Acari

PD Pratt, P Schausberger, BA Croft

The ability of Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) to survive, reproduce and develop on a range of prey-food types was studied by holding adult females with each of 27 different prey-foods for 7 days. Survival and activity of adult females, eggs produced per female per day and quantity of immatures produced per female per day were estimated. Survival, reproduction and development were the highest and activity the lowest when held with Tetranychus species. Reproduction, survival and development were lower on non-tetranychid food although examples from nearly all prey-food types provided higher measured values than when without food. Proportional reproduction of N. fallacis on Tetranychus spider mites, other spider mites, eriophyid mites, other mites, insects and pollen was calculated. Proportions then were compared to values derived from a prey-food model based on the frequency of literature citations. The overall fit between data sets was good for the specialist type II species N. fallacis. Reproductive proportions for experimentally derived and literature-based data were estimated for four other phytoseiids that represent the specialist and generalist life style types I-IV: Phytoseiulus persimilis A. H., Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten, Euseius finlandicus (Oudemans) and Euseius hibisci (Chant). The literature model, based on records of feeding tests, did well in predicting feeding preference based on ovipositional rates for the specialist type I, P. persimilis, but was less accurate for the generalist type III, T. pyri and the generalists type IV, E. finlandicus and E. hibisci. Means to improve prey-food preference estimates for all life style types of phytoseiid species are discussed.

External organisation(s)
Oregon State University
Experimental & Applied Acarology
No. of pages
Publication date
Peer reviewed
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
106047 Animal ecology
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